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Bone Density Testing

Sugar Land OBGYN - Bone Density Testing


A bone density test is a non-invasive procedure that measures the density of your bones to determine your risk for osteoporosis, a condition that weakens bones and makes them more prone to fractures. The test involves using a special X-ray machine that measures the amount of calcium and other minerals in your bones. Early detection of bone loss can help prevent fractures and other complications associated with osteoporosis.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Who should get a bone density test?

A bone density test is recommended for women over the age of 65 and men over the age of 70. It is also recommended for postmenopausal women under the age of 65 who have additional risk factors for osteoporosis, such as a family history of the condition, a low body weight, or a history of smoking.

What should I expect during the bone density test?

During the bone density test, you will be asked to lie down on a table while a special X-ray machine scans the bones in your spine, hip, or forearm. The test is painless and takes only a few minutes to complete.

Is there any special preparation required for the bone density test?

There is no special preparation required for the bone density test. However, you should avoid taking calcium supplements for at least 24 hours before the test, as these can affect the accuracy of the results.

What do the results of the bone density test mean?

The results of the bone density test are given as a T-score, which compares your bone density to that of a healthy young adult of the same sex. A T-score of -1 or above is considered normal, while a T-score between -1 and -2.5 indicates low bone density and an increased risk for osteoporosis. A T-score below -2.5 indicates osteoporosis.

What can I do to improve my bone health?


To improve your bone health, it's important to get enough calcium and vitamin D through a balanced diet or supplements. Weight-bearing exercises such as walking, jogging, and weightlifting can also help strengthen bones. If you have low bone density or osteoporosis, your doctor may recommend medications to help slow bone loss and reduce your risk of fractures.

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